Understanding of what “Persian” means, which, in a classical context is not a specific reference to the Iranian province Pars, but to the Persian (i.e. Achaemenid) Empire Admin. Center: • Coordinates: 10 miles from Empire Center [Shiraz] Par Sovereign immunity is a consequence of the principle par in parem non habet imperium, which, for example, in the personal immunity of Heads of State and the functional immunity of diplomats reflected. That legal principle comes from the original Roman law and is already found in the ancient jurists Ulpian (170-223) 
Twelve Tables The Twelve Tables must be distinguished from the unrelated, much older “twelve shields” of King Numa Pompilius. The Law of the Twelve Tables (Lex Duodecim Tabularum, more informally simply Duodecim Tabulae) was the ancient legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law. For such an important document, it is somewhat surprising that the original text has been lost. The original tablets were destroyed when the Gauls under Brennus burnt Rome in 390 BC. 
How wonderful is man that he speaks with fat, talks with a piece of flesh, hears with a bone and breathes through a hole and keeps true with the spiritual that man floundesr in its own plump substance.
Brennus (4th century BC) It has been theorized that Brennus was working in concert with Dionysius of Syracuse. It has also been theorized that Brennus is actually a title rather than a name. This is because “Brennus” also appears as the name of a Gallic leader 100 years later. It is also possible that Brennus refers to a God, his name taken by the leader before battle in order to invoke the God’s favor and powers, likely to be the Celtic God Bren (Bran ‘Raven’). Alternatively, his name may be etymologically related to the Gaelic name Brian. And uttered the famous words “Vae victis!”, which translates to “Woe to the conquered!”.
Dionysius I of Syracuse (ca. 432–367 BC, Greek: Διονύσιος) Death: he was poisoned by his physicians at the instigation of his son, Dionysius the Younger who succeeded him as ruler of Syracuse.
Dionysius II of Syracuse was the son of Dionysius the Elder. Dionysius’ lavishly dissolute lifestyle Plato compelled him [Dionysius] to restructure the government as more moderate, with Dionysius as the archetypal philosopher-king (see the Seventh Letter of Plato).
Seventh Letter (Plato) Epistles (Plato) is the reason why every serious man in dealing with really serious subjects carefully avoids writing, lest thereby he may possibly cast them as a prey to the envy and stupidity of the public.: "And this is the reason why… those works abide in the fairest region he possesses."
Tenth Letter Main article: Tenth Letter (Plato) it consists of a bare three sentences, covering nine lines in the Stephanus pagination.
Stephanus pagination is the system of reference and organization used in modern editions and translations of Plato. Bekker numbers are the comparable system for the works of Aristotle.
The Corpus Aristotelicum is the collection of Aristotle’s works that have survived from antiquity through Medieval manuscript transmission.  Physics (the study of nature) (402a) On the Soul (or De Anima)
On the Soul: Just as there is an important Arabic paraphrase of Plotinus’ Six Enneads — The Theology of Aristotle the Islamic texts were based on this Neoplatonic synthesis.
After the fall of Western Roman Empire and during the period of the Byzantine Empire, the authorship of some Plotinus’ texts became clouded. Many passages of Enneads IV-VI, now known as Plotiniana Arabica, circulated among Islamic scholars under the name The Theology of Aristotle.
Later Islamic philosophy and European philosophy which built on the Islamic texts were based on this Neoplatonic synthesis.
The Seventh Letter also has a detailed exposition of Plato’s ideas about the Forms. Toward the end of the letter is an explanation about the perfect circle as an existing, unchanging, and eternal Form, and how any reproduction of a circle is not the perfect circle. The Form of a perfect circle cannot even be talked about, because language and definitions are not the perfect circle either.
This is like one’s image in the mirror: one is in the mirror but does not become the mirror.
The J2 Cohanim Haplotype TreeThe J2 DNA Cohanim Migration
Jewish Kohanim share Y-chromosomal Haplogroup J1 (Y-DNA) with a set of genetic markers, known as the Cohen Modal Haplotype related to present-day traditional Kohanim families in Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA). In the Hebrew Bible this ancestor is identified as Aaron, the brother of Moses. Y-chromosomal Aaron is the name given to the hypothesised most recent common ancestor of many of the patrilineal Jewish priestly caste known as Kohanim.
"The Samaritan M267 lineages differed from the classical Cohen modal haplotype at DYS391, carrying 11 rather than 10 repeats". Samaritan Kohanim descend from a different patrilineal family line, having haplogroup E1b1b1a (M78) (formerly E3b1a).”
The Qaysite party represented the Ḥijaz and Bedouin Arabs [Druze#Qaysites_and_the_Yemenites] who were regarded as inferior by the Yemenites who were earlier and more cultured emigrants into Syria from southern Arabia. Affected ITGB4 individuals were members of the extended [OMIM 226730] Bedouin family.
Hellenistic religion is any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the peoples who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the Hellenistic period. Hellenistic_Pagan
The Mithraic Mysteries or Mysteries of Mithras (also Mithraism) was a mystery religion which became popular among the military in the Roman Empire, from the 1st to 4th centuries AD.
The most plausible theory of the origin of the name Druze as a Hellenistic Pagan  influenced faith revealed in 1017 this confusion is due to confusion[and (deity) only named El in later Hebrew, but before the confusion of tongues.] the Druze rejected as heretical and ordered the elimination of his [ad-Darazi’s] movement while supporting that of Hamza ibn Ali. The central figure Al-Hakim disappeared one night. The Druze believe he went into Occultation with Hamza ibn Ali and three other prominent preachers. Muhammads Occultation is that [al-Mahdi is infallible], has been born but has disappeared and will one day return and fill the world with justice. The groups which do believe in it differ upon which lineage of imamate is correct, and therefore which individual has gone into the Occultation.
As early as the days of Saladin, and while the Ma’ans were still in complete control over southern Lebanon, the Shihab tribe, originally Hijaz Arabs but later settled in Ḥawran, settled in Wadi-al-Taym at the foot of Mt. Hermon, is the place where the Grigori (“Watcher”) class of fallen angels descended to Earth. Amazement and fear were further increased, when a voice from Heaven exclaimed, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye Him!”
no satisfactory evidence has yet been adduced to show that, before Zoroaster, the concept of a supreme god existed among the Iranians, or that among them Mithra - or any other divinity - ever enjoyed a separate cultof his or her own outside either their ancient or their Zoroastrian pantheons.”
a syncretic Zoroastrian (whatever that might have entailed at the time) influence is a viable supposition.
and is, therefore, best understood from the context of Roman culture
The edict of Theodosius I in 394 made “paganism” (belief in or practice of any religion other than Christianity) illegal.
rivalry between 3rd century Mithraism and Christianity in Rome as primarily one for real estate in the public areas of urban Rome. 2.7 TABLE VII (Real Property) The Law of the Twelve Tables (Lex Duodecim Tabularum, more informally simply Duodecim Tabulae) Theodosian Code was the first occasion since the Twelve Tables on which a Roman government had attempted by public authority to collect and publish its leges.” 
Mithras was said to have been born on December 25, or the winter solstice.
the Perseus’ myths held he was born from an underground cavern.
The Corpus Juris Civilis (“Body of Civil Law”) is the modern name for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor.
It used both the Codex Theodosianus and the fourth-century collections embodied in the Codex Gregorianus and Codex Hermogenianus, which provided the model for division into books that were divided into titles.
Despite his short life, Bartolus left an extraordinary number of works. He wrote commentaries on all parts of the Corpus Juris Civilis (except Justinian’s Institutes). 
During the reign of emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla, Paulus served as a jurist. Paulus was a contemporary of the jurist Ulpian.